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Country Reports

€421.359.080.906
Total Funding
Total Funding Bar
Belgium
Online
€5.917.828.543
Total Funding

Current status of RRP at national level

There is one official draft RRP by the federal government as well as 5 plans for the various federal entities. The government of Belgium released on April 2nd a new version of a National Recovery and Resilience Plan.

Initial assessment and trends

Our analysis shows that overall, the investments envisaged by the plans of the Belgium federal entities can make a positive contribution to the green transition.

Last Update:
30/04/30
Short Assessment
Bulgaria
Online
€7.099.394.383
Total Funding

Current status of RRP at national level

A broad draft plan was presented on 30th of October. A second draft was sent to the Commission on 20 January, but the Government only plans to make available a new third draft publicly available, which is due at the end of February.

Initial assessment and trends

The Bulgarian RRP was developed by an inter-ministerial working group. The plan was presented at the end of October for a public consultation. It is still unclear how the results of the public consultation are integrated into the amendment of the draft plan. Our full analysis shows that Bulgaria's draft RRP nonetheless makes a positive contribution to the green transition.

Last Update:
17/02/2021
Short Assessment
Czech Republic
Online
€7.401.520.000
Total Funding

Current status of RRP at national level

A new comprehensive version of the Czech RRP was released in early April 2021. Prime Minister Babiš already submitted a draft plan to the European Commission in October 2020, causing widespread criticism about missing stakeholder involvement. The published plan was also criticized for lacking ambition on reforms and green alignment, leading to a substantial redrafting of the plan.

Initial assessment and trends

Our analysis shows that the RRP can principally be seen as a positive contribution to much-needed progress on the green transition in Czechia. Nevertheless, the government’s application of the climate tracking methodology does not always stand up to closer scrutiny, and the risk of a high carbon lock-in through investments in fossil gas projects remains a particular issue.

Last Update:
30/04/2021
Short Assessment
Estonia
Online
€1.059.000.000
Total Funding

Current status of RRP at national level

On March 5, the Estonian government published the planned allocation of recovery funds through the EU Recovery Facility to different measures, along with rather brief and general descriptions of the measures, but not a full Recovery and Resilience Plan. A week of public consultations for selected measures that took place in March 2021 only provided little additional information.

Initial assessment and trends

Overall, we find that the planned measures, with investments of €1.1bn, equalling 4% of Estonia’s GDP (2019), can make a positive contribution to the green transition, though more information on the specific implementation of the measures will be necessary for a final assessment. Many measures aim to support the green transition, most notably by establishing a green fund for companies’ green transition and including investments into energy efficiency, energy grid, storage and renewables. However, due to a lack of details on measures and their implementation, there is a risk that several measures could adversely affect the green transition.

Last Update:
28/04/2021
Short Assessment
Finland
Online
€2.075.000.000
Total Funding

Current status of RRP at national level

The government published a draft version for the RRP ("Sustainable Growth Programme") on 15/03/21, but aims to publish a final version at the end of April. According to the plan, 50% of the funds will be allocated to support the green transition. There will be no additional big economic stimulus package apart from this RRP-package using the RRF money.

Initial assessment and trends

The RRP is embedded in an overall progressive and green strategy for the country's future. Overall, our analysis finds that Finland’s recovery measures have the potential to make a very positive contribution to the green transition.

Last Update:
29/04/2021
Short Assessment
France
Online, currently assessing the final RRP
€93.448.400.000
Total Funding

Current status of RRP at national level

In September 2020, France presented a €100bn domestiv recovery package (called 'France Relance'). France presented on April 27 the final RRP.

Initial assessment and trends

Overall, the French programme makes a moderate contribution to the transition towards a climate neutral economy, achieving a green spending share of just 23% according to our analysis. The overall efficacy of the measures remain constrained by a lack of overarching governance and strategic guidance, as there is no governance structure that ensures an alignment of recovery measures and their implementation with long-term targets. It is likely that the RRP will achieve a higher green spending share through the inclusion of a large number of the green measures that are part of the broader domestic recovery package.

Last Update:
28/04/2021
Short Assessment
Germany
Online
€140.303.088.000
Total Funding

Current status of RRP at national level

Germany presented a €130bn domestic recovery package in the summer of 2020, the first EU state to do so. In December 2020, the government published a draft RRP, which mostly includes measures that were already included in the previous domestic recovery package. In January 2021, the European Commission criticized the government for a lack of additional ambition especially with regards to reforms in its draft RRP. On April 27, Germany presented its final RRP.

Initial assessment and trends

Overall, the German programme makes a moderate contribution to the transition towards a climate neutral economy, achieving a green spending share of just 21% according to our analysis. Furthermore, it is problematic that the German government seeks to simply refinance previously planned measures through its RRP, rather than using it to enable additional projects and reforms, with only around one third of the RRP's funds being used to finance new projects.

Last Update:
06/05/2021
Short Assessment
Greece
Awaiting plan, preliminary analysis online
€32.000.000.000
Total Funding

Current status of RRP at national level

On 25 November 2020, the Greek Government put out high level priorities for its recovery plan. The public consultation on these ended on 20 December 2020, and it is currently unclear when a full draft will be released.

Initial assessment and trends

Although the (draft) RRP submitted to the European Commission has not been fully disclosed, the publicly available information includes both positive elements for the green transition and some worrying investment plans.

Last Update:
17/02/2021
Short Assessment
Latvia
Online
€1.650.000.000
Total Funding

Current status of RRP at national level

The draft recovery plan was published on January 27th, with a public consultation now running until the 9th of March.

Initial assessment and trends

Our full analysis shows that the measures included in Latvia's draft RRP make a moderate contribution to the green transition, falling short on ambition overall.

Last Update:
17/02/2021
Short Assessment
Poland
Online
€23.850.000.000
Total Funding

Current status of RRP at national level

After many delays and mounting calls from businesses as well as civil society organizations to increase the transparency of the process, the Polish government on February 26, 2021 presented a draft of its National Recovery and Resilience Plan (RRP) for the €23.9bn in grants that it will receive through the EU Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF).

Initial assessment and trends

Our analysis shows that overall, the investments envisaged by the plan can make a positive contribution to the green transition. However, while the draft RRP includes measures that have the potential to fast-track and scale-up decarbonization efforts, the lack of detail and the lack of tangible targets attached to the measures proposed make it impossible to say whether the plan will be able to fully realize that potential.

Last Update:
17/02/2021
Short Assessment
Portugal
Online
€16.643.000.000
Total Funding

Current status of RRP at national level

Portugal, which currently holds the rotating EU Presidency, was one of the first EU countries to submit its draft RRP to the Commission, in October 2020. These recovery measures are complemented by a domestic Investment Program, which also draws on the EU's long-term budget. An updated version of the plan was presented in February 2021.

Initial assessment and trends

Overall, Portugal’s recovery measures have the potential to make a positive contribution to the green transition depending on their implementation. Positive measures include investments into industrial decarbonization, public transport, and energy efficiency. At the same time, the plan includes some problematic investments, especially in road infrastructure, and has been criticized for this by the European Commission. Lastly, it includes many measures whose climate mitigation effect cannot yet be assessed and depends on their implementation, such as investments into new housing projects and industrial development. Notably, the draft RRP does not offer many concrete links between its projects and the broader agenda of the 2030 National Investment Plan or wider climate policy goals.‍

Last Update:
17/02/2021
Short Assessment
Romania
Online
€41.143.000.000
Total Funding

Current status of RRP at national level

A first draft of the Plan was published in November 2020 and is currently being revised. The second version of the Plan was published in March 2021. The public debate around the Plan, launched on March 19th, has been scarce.

Initial assessment and trends

Overall, Romania’s recovery measures make a positive contribution to the green transition, although the ultimate contribution of the recovery measures cannot yet be fully assessed as public versions of the RRP lack details on the design of specific recovery measures beyond the overarching elements of the plan.

Last Update:
26/04/2021
Short Assessment
Slovakia
Online
€6.155.000.000
Total Funding

Current status of RRP at national level

The first complete draft of Slovakia’s Recovery and Resilience Plan (RRP) was published on 8 March 2021.

Initial assessment and trends

Overall, we find that the measures included in the draft plan, with investments equaling 6.5% of Slovakia’s GDP (2019), are likely to make a positive contribution to the green transition. The Slovak RRP includes a “Green Economy” category with five components, which include many promising measures, such as investments in energy efficiency, renewable energies, and industry decarbonization. However, there are still areas of concerns, such as support for fossil gas boilers included in the energy efficiency pillar. Furthermore, while the plan’s exclusion of support for fossil power generation is in line with EU green transition requirements, the €220m allocated to renewable energy generation are insufficient to fully exploit the potential of renewables for a green recovery, especially after years of legal restrictions on the expansion of renewables. The actual effect of the plan thus depends on whether its implementation will be accompanied by other measures, and whether there will be additional reforms to align national planning with the target of climate neutrality by 2050. Lastly, given Slovakia’s relatively poor track record in using EU funds, ensuring the outlined measures are implemented successfully may be a challenge in itself.

Last Update:
17/02/2021
Short Assessment
Slovenia
Online
€5.085.850.000
Total Funding

Current status of RRP at national level

Following the publication of a leaked plan in the media, the government itself released a full draft recovery plan on 26 February 2021.

Initial assessment and trends

Following the publication of a leaked plan in the media, the government itself released a full draft recovery plan on 26 February 2021.

Last Update:
04/03/2021
Short Assessment
Spain
Online
€69.528.000.000
Total Funding

Current status of RRP at national level

The government presented ten priorities for its recovery plan in October 2020. A full recovery plan has been published on 13.04.21.

Initial assessment and trends

Overall, we find that the components included in the draft plan, with investments totaling €69.5bn, equaling 6.2% of Spain’s GDP (2020), will make a positive contribution to the green transition. However, despite the inclusion of many positive investment and reform priorities in the plan, the information provided on which exact measures will receive specific funding amounts is often insufficient for a fully comprehensive assessment. All in all, the RRP sets positive benchmarks through the connection of investments and reforms such as the introduction of more ambitious energy transition targets enabled through recovery funding, as well as with the support of specific flagship projects as part of the green transition, such as battery manufacturing.

Last Update:
30/04/2021
Short Assessment
Austria
Awaiting plan
Total Funding
No items found.

Current status of RRP at national level

The Austrian government opened a consultation on the RRP in February 2021. According to social media, on April 14th a RRP was published but is not publicly available yet.

Initial assessment and trends

In January 2021, trade unions and environmental groups jointly criticized the government for failing to provide any information on the RRP development process, and for not providing any opportunities for stakeholder consultation to date. A consultation was opened in February 2021, but it included only little information on the government's plans. According to social media posts of the Austrian Federal Minister for Climate Protection, Environment, Energy, Mobility, Innovation and Technology, the RRP plans to invest 46% in climate protection.

Last Update:
14/04/2021
Short Assessment
Hungary
Plan available, conducting analysis
Total Funding
No items found.

Current status of RRP at national level

Following the release of a very general summary in December 2020, a full recovery plan was released on 14 April 2021.

Initial assessment and trends

Civil society actors criticized that the process around the development of the plan was very opaque, lacking transparency. We are currently conducting a comprehensive analysis of the plan’s contents.

Last Update:
15/04/2021
Short Assessment
Ireland
Awaiting plan
Total Funding
No items found.

Current status of RRP at national level

The Irish government opened a public consultation on its recovery plan on February 2nd, but did not provide any information on the government's own priorities or plans for using the funds.

Initial assessment and trends

Last Update:
17/02/2021
Short Assessment
Italy
Awaiting plan
Total Funding
No items found.

Current status of RRP at national level

The Italian government published a draft recovery plan in January 2021. However, conflicts over details of that plan have then contributed to a government crisis, which resulted in the recent formation of a new government. It is expected that the new government will make substantial changes to the previous draft.

Initial assessment and trends

The January 2021 draft includes a number of priority areas with a high relevance to the green transition, such as "green revolution and ecological transition" (31% of funds) and "infrastructure for sustainable mobility" (14%). Furthermore, the incoming Draghi government has made the ecological transition a cornerstone of its government programme. More details on the new government's plans are required before a comprehensive assessment is possible.

Last Update:
17/02/2021
Short Assessment
Netherlands
Awaiting plan
Total Funding
No items found.

Current status of RRP at national level

No documents have been made public yet. With national elections scheduled for March 17th, it is highly likely that a new government will have to be formed before any documents will be released.

Initial assessment and trends

Last Update:
17/02/2021
Short Assessment