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France

€93.448.400.000
Total Funding
Green Spending Share EU
23%
Green Spending Share Total
Total Funding Bar Chart

Recent developments: France presented its final Recovery and Resilience Plan (RRP) for EU funding on April 27. The analysis published here refers to the domestic recovery package (France Relance) published last autumn. We will update our analysis as soon as possible in order to provide a dedicated assessment of the RRP. An initial assessment indicates that most measures included in the RRP were already included in France Relance, and that hence the overall numbers are unlikely to change significantly.

The French government presented ‘France Relance’, a large €93.4bn recovery package drawing on funding from both the domestic and EU budget, in September 2020. French recovery measures currently add up to €93.4 bn or 4.1% of domestic GDP.  Overall, the French programme makes a moderate contribution to the transition towards a climate neutral economy.

Green Spending Share

We find that the measures in the domestic French recovery package overall achieve a green spending share of 23%. We will add an analysis on the green spending share of the national Recovery Plan in the context of the EU Recovery Facility once itis publicly available. In contrast, 22% (€20.5bn) of all measures have a negative impact.Furthermore, we find that 32% (€29.9bn) may have a positive or negative impact on the green transition depending on the implementation of the relevant measures, illustrating the importance of further scrutiny during the further planning, review and implementation of the recovery measures.

Our calculation of the green spending share aims to mirror the approach used for the official assessment of national recovery plans (find more information here).

The recovery effort of the government covers three areas: Ecology, Competition and Cohesion. Especially the measures under the ecologic thread can be mostly indicated as ‘green’. The overall vision of the recovery package can be described as future-oriented and aiming for an ecologic transition. But the measures themselves are not linked to legally binding acts. There are neither specific targets nor conditionalities given (e.g. reduction of CO2-emissions in tons) and it is not evident how and on the basis of which criteria the funds are allocated.

*Our analysis covers the France Relance recovery plan presented in September 2020. This report was written by Helena Mölter (Wuppertal Institute) and Sara Dethier (E3G). We are grateful to Hadrien Hainaut (I4CE) and Felix Heilmann (E3G) for providing valuable inputs.

Our Highlights

Good Practice

Professional trainings to support the ecological transition

France is reinforcing training for the “strategic professions of tomorrow”, in line with strategic sectors (Digitalisation, Ecological transition, Industrial sectors concerned by the issue of economic sovereignty and the relocation of productions) and in line with the priorities of the recovery plan. The training activities in the three sectors considered strategic are funded by €25 M.

Bad Practice

Tax reductions without climate conditionalities

Lower production taxes (€20bn for two years) which will continue after Covid-19 (i.e. as a 10Bn€/year cut). This measure did not initially include climate conditionalities, but the issue was debated in the parliament following publication of the plan.

To Our Surprise

Drawing on previously agreed plans

About 25% of the recovery budget of France Relance was already announced before Covid-19. Having said that, the program “France Relance” as a reaction to the pandemic crisis is not as ambitious as announced by the French Prime minister.

Sectoral Analysis

This dashboard provides a detailed overview of the allocation and assessment of measures by sector for:

France

Using the drop-down option, you can compare results with other countries.


Sector Analysis DE

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Policy Measures

This list provides a full overview of all recovery measures. Our detailed report contains a deep dive on the most important recovery measures and how we assess them. The report can be downloaded below.

Measure List

Knowledge Hub

This report is written by the "Haut Conseil pour le Climat" in order to assess the climate spendings of France Relance.

France Relance: Quelle contribution A La Transition Bas-Carbone (2020). Rapport. France
2020
Scope:
France

This report covers the measures that are contained in France Relance. France Relance is the French recovery package.

France Relance
2020
Scope:
France

Study published by WWF with EY earlier this summer, with a focus on jobs which could be saved or created thanks to a Green stimulus package

Monde d'aprés : L'emploi au coeur d'une relance verte
2020
Scope:
France

Communication estimating the needs for ecological transition at around €43bn

Plan de relance : Les 43 milliards d’euros prioritaires pour le Réseau Action Climat
2020
Scope:
France

Set of priorities presented by the Fondation Nicolas Hulot, requesting mostly a commitment €20bn per year until 2030 for the transition and a “do not harm” principle

Plan de relance : 5 conditions pour réussir et 3 secteurs clés à réguler
2020
Scope:
France

The National Low-Carbon Strategy (NBCS) describes France's roadmap for leading the climate change mitigation policy. It provides guidelines for implementing the transition to a low-carbon economy in all sectors of activity.

Stratégie nationale bas-carbone
2020
Scope:
France

This study is a comprehensive study of domestic financial flows in favour of climate and the broader energy transition in France. The study maps the flows supporting investments leading to greenhouse gas mitigation across the French economy.

Landscape of climate finance in France
2019
Scope:
France

In this report, I4CE proposes a set of actions based on a quantified analysis for France across seven sectors that are covered by the National Low-Carbon Strategy (Stratégie Nationale Bas-Carbone, SNBC). I4CE’s proposal calls for a public finance package of 7 billion euros per year that is estimated to trigger 19 billion euros of additional public and private investment.

Investing in Climate can Help France Drive its Economic Recovery
2020
Scope:
France