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The first complete draft of Slovakia’s Recovery and Resilience Plan (RRP) was published on 8 March 2021. Civil society groups were able to participate in a limited way in stakeholder groups during the very early development phase of the plan, but it is unclear how the results of these consultations were implemented. Overall, we find that the measures included in the draft plan, with investments equaling 6.5% of Slovakia’s GDP (2019), are likely to make a positive contribution to the green transition.

The Slovak RRP includes a “Green Economy” category with five components, which include many promising measures, such as investments in energy efficiency, renewable energies, and industry decarbonization. However, there are still areas of concerns, such as support for fossil gas boilers included in the energy efficiency pillar. Furthermore, while the plan’s exclusion of support for fossil power generation is in line with EU green transition requirements, the €220m allocated to renewable energy generation are insufficient to fully exploit the potential of renewables for a green recovery, especially after years of legal restrictions on the expansion of renewables. The actual effect of the plan thus depends on whether its implementation will be accompanied by other measures, and whether there will be additional reforms to align national planning with the target of climate neutrality by 2050. Lastly, given Slovakia’s relatively poor track record in using EU funds, ensuring the outlined measures are implemented successfully may be a challenge in itself.

Green Spending Share

We find that Slovakia’s draft recovery plan (RRP) achieves a green spending share of 30%, below the EU’s 37% climate spending benchmark.
Our calculation of the green spending share aims to mirror the approach used for the official assessment of national recovery plans (find more information here).

*Our analysis covers the draft Recovery and Resilience Plan that was officially released in March 2021. The report was written by Felix Heilmann (E3G) and Juraj Melichar (CEE Bankwatch Network). We are grateful to Marcel Glasa (Friends of the Earth-CEPA), Lucia Szabova (Concerned Mothers), Dana Marekova (Green Restart), Jan Karaba (SAPI), Pavol Fabry (Greenpeace Slovakia), Jozef Ridzon (SOS Birdlife, Slovakia), Dan Kollar (Cycling Coalition), Liliana Rastocka (Slovak Climate Initiative) and Johanna Lehne (E3G) for providing valuable inputs.

Our Highlights

Good Practice

EU requirements leading to improvements in the development of the plan

EU-wide guidance encouraged the national ministries involved in the drafting of the national recovery plan to support more climate-related measures. Furthermore, it is positive that the Environment Ministry is set to oversee the implementation of measures on industry decarbonization and the renovation of family houses.

Bad Practice

Support for fossil gas boilers

Alongside many positive measures, a program to improve the energy efficiency of 40,000 family houses in Slovakia includes €50m for investments into fossil gas boilers, even though cleaner solutions, which could contribute to tackling the dual challenges of heat decarbonization and tackling energy poverty, are available.

To Our Surprise

A recovery plan development process not aligned with legislative requirements

The draft plan released on 8 March 2021 was submitted for the required official public consultation at a relatively early stage in order to achieve agreement among ministries and coalition parties. This could prove to be problematic later on as the legislative process requires that consultations on official documents are only held in the final stage of their development.

Sectoral Analysis

This dashboard provides a detailed overview of the allocation and assessment of measures by sector for:


Using the drop-down option, you can compare results with other countries.

Sector Analysis DE

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Policy Measures

This list provides a full overview of all recovery measures. Our detailed report contains a deep dive on the most important recovery measures and how we assess them. The report can be downloaded below.

Measure List

Knowledge Hub

The article describes the ability of transport companies in Slovakia to cope with the pandemic. The companies lost considerable income as a result of the pandemic

Ministerstvo dopravy trvá na tom, že nemôže pomôcť dopravným podnikom na Slovensku

The website provides an overview of the economic management of the coronavirus pandemic in Slovakia and shows the timeline of policy actions.

Policy Responses to COVID-19

Law on the Mechanism for Supporting Renewal and Resilience and on Amendments to Certain Laws.

Zákon o mechanizme na podporu obnovy a odolnosti a o zmene a doplnení niektorých zákonov

This document is the integrated energy and climate plan of the Slovak Republic. The priorities of the energy policy are: an optimal energy mix, strengthening the security of energy supply, improving the energy infrastructure, and diversification of energy sources and distribution routes.

Integrated Energy and Climate Plan; European Commission (2020). Assessment of the final national energy and climate plan of Slovakia