Data Loader


Total Funding
Green Spending Share EU
Green Spending Share Total
Total Funding Bar Chart

Recent developments: In early May 2021, the Spanish government released more detailled information about the investment projects included in the components of the national Recovery and Resilience Plan. Our assessment is based on the information about the RRP's components that was released in April 2021. The components have not changed substantially but some of the concerns regarding missing information that we previously outlined have now been resolved thanks to the newly released materials.

Overall, we find that the components included in the draft plan, with investments totaling €69.5bn, equaling 6.2% of Spain’s GDP (2020), will make a positive contribution to the green transition. However, despite the inclusion of many positive investment and reform priorities in the plan, the information provided on which exact measures will receive specific funding amounts is often insufficient for a fully comprehensive assessment. All in all, the RRP sets positive benchmarks through the connection of investments and reforms such as the introduction of more ambitious energy transition targets enabled through recovery funding, as well as with the support of specific flagship projects as part of the green transition, such as battery manufacturing.

Green Spending Share

We find that Spain’s draft recovery plan (RRP) achieves a green spending share of 31%, below the EU’s 37% benchmark. Furthermore, we find that 17% (€12.1bn) may have a positive or negative impact on the green transition depending on the implementation of the relevant measures, illustrating the importance of further scrutiny during the further planning, review and implementation of the recovery measures. According to the government, the plan’s climate spending share is 39% (see page 5 of the full country report for more details).

Our calculation of the green spending share aims to mirror the approach used for the official assessment of national recovery plans (find more information here).

*Our analysis covers the Recovery and Resilience Plan presented in April 2021. This analysis builds on and replaces a previously published analysis on the government’s high-level recovery priorities from October 2020. The analysiswas written by Felix Heilmann, Artur Patuleia and Alexander Reitzenstein (E3G). We are grateful to Lara Lázaro (Elcano Royal Institute), Peter Sweatman (Climate Strategy & Partners), Elisa Sainz de Murieta and Ana Morales (BC3), Lisa Fischer (E3G), Helena Mölter and Magdolna Prantner (Wuppertal Institute) as well as to Nuria Blázquez and Luis Flores for providing valuable inputs. The contents of this analysis are the sole responsibility of the authors.

Our Highlights

Good Practice

Linking economic recovery and regional development

The Spanish government is putting an explicit emphasis on supporting less developed regions in the country through its recovery measures in alignment with territorial policies, aiming to create more jobs and develop new economic activities in these regions. This emphasis is also closely linked to the national Just Transition Strategy.

Bad Practice

Missing information when it comes to the details

While the plan’s general priorities are well-defined, the materials that have been published often only provide scarce information on what exact measures and projects will be supported. It has also been noted that the functioning of and accountability mechanisms for the plan’s governance are not very well defined yet.

To Our Surprise

Accelerating the energy transition

The Spanish government moved its 2025 energy transition targets contained in its National Energy and Climate Plan forward to 2023 to boost the country’s economic recovery. This decision will require a substantial increase in the country’s capacity for renewable energy investments, the renewal of the housing stock as well as infrastructure for electric mobility.

Sectoral Analysis

This dashboard provides a detailed overview of the allocation and assessment of measures by sector for:


Using the drop-down option, you can compare results with other countries.

Sector Analysis DE

Sector Analysis Select

Policy Measures

This list provides a full overview of all recovery measures. Our detailed report contains a deep dive on the most important recovery measures and how we assess them. The report can be downloaded below.

Measure List

Knowledge Hub

No items found.