Knowledge Hub

Our knowledge hub collects relevant research, policy papers and websites on the green recovery. With the filter function, you can search for documents focusing on the global, EU or country context.

E3G is also sending out a regular Recovery Report, summarizing the latest important developments on the global recovery from the current crisis and its green alignment. To be added to the distribution list, please email recovery.report@e3g.org.

All Countries

Analysis of changes in residential electricity prices linked to legislative changes and fundamental changes in pricing mechanisms.

Summary
2016
Scope:
Hungary

Analysis of climate-energy policies & implementation in Hungary

Analysis of climate-energy policies & implementation in Hungary
2018
Scope:
Hungary

Summary of Hungarian climate change laws

Climate Change Laws in Hungary
2021
Scope:
Hungary

Report about Hungary's response to the coronavirus

Orban's risky bet in economic response to coronavirus
2020
Scope:
Hungary

New surtaxes apply and will be levied on credit institutions and the retail sector as part of the government’s response to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.

Hungary: Surtaxes imposed on credit institutions, retail sector (COVID-19)
2020
Scope:
Hungary

Policy responses to COVID-19

Hungary
2021
Scope:
Hungary

The European Union’s executive has told Hungary to reform its public procurement laws to curb systemic fraud.

EXCLUSIVE Worried by ‘systemic’ fraud, EU ties recovery funds to Hungary procurement reform
2021
Scope:
Hungary

Hungary leads the EU's anti-fraud agency's list of member states where irregularities have been found in EU funds between 2015 and 2019.

Hungary heads EU anti-fraud investigation list - again
2021
Scope:
Hungary

Brief Summary -Energiaklub's Experts Opinion of Hungary's Recovery and Resilience Plan

Brief Summary -Energiaklub's Experts Opinion of Hungary's Recovery and Resilience Plan
2021
Scope:
Hungary

Economic forecast of Hungary

Hungary
2021
Scope:
Hungary

Research article on COVID-19 and recent political developments in Hungary

COVID-19 in Hungary Challenges and Opportunities for Progressives
2021
Scope:
Hungary

Research article on the situation of the civil society and COVID-19 in Hungary

Civil Society and COVID-19 in Hungary: The Complete Annexation of Civil Space
2021
Scope:
Hungary

Political analysis on the recent situation in Hungary

Outlook for Hungary for 2021
2021
Scope:
Hungary

Brief assessment of the Hungarian recovery and resilience plan June 2021

Hungary’s recovery plan – not green, just, or resilient
2021
Scope:
Hungary

Publications of MTVSZ -Friends of the Earth Hungary on the Hungarian energy transition

Energiafordulat
2021
Scope:
Hungary

Brief assessment of the draft Hungarian plan April 2021

Assessment of Hungary’s recovery and resilience plan
2021
Scope:
Hungary

This website provides an overview of various articles on the topic of "Rebuilding the economy after the COVID-19 pandemic".

Odbudowa gospodarki po pandemii COVID-19
2021
Scope:
Poland

European recovery plans: national targets - common challenges - The article identifies four main structural challenges in the European national recovery and resilience plans published to date.

Europejskie plany odbudowy: krajowe cele – wspólne wyzwania
2021
Scope:
EU

The Polish Sustainable Recovery Monitor compiles information on recovery measures in Poland and provides a monthly short report with updates.

Polish Sustainable Recovery Monitor
2021
Scope:
Poland

The report identifies the challenges for Poland associated with the Recovery Fund. The main challenge for Poland's recovery is to ensure that the projects identified through the National Recovery and Resilience Plan, the recovery actions, and the current climate and energy plans are coherent.

Green Recovery. From crisis to sustainable recovery
2020
Scope:
Poland

The website provides an overview of the economic management of the coronavirus pandemic in Portugal and shows the timeline of policy actions.

Policy Responses to COVID-19
2020
Scope:
Portugal

The article "Brussels wants dams, roads and bridges outside the RRP", reports on the Commission's doubts about several investments included in the Portuguese recovery plan.

Bruxelas quer barragens, estradas e pontes fora do PRR
2021
Scope:
Portugal

The report "Opinion on the Strategic Vision for the Portuguese Economic Recovery Plan 2020-2030" considers the Recovery plan as a key element to define Portugals future.

Parecer sobre a “Visão Estratégica para o Plano de Recuperação Económica de Portugal 2020-2030”
2020
Scope:
Portugal

The article: "PSD presents 'strategic programme' for European funds for the next decade", gives an short evaluation of the measurements.

PSD apresenta "programa estratégico" para fundos europeus da próxima década
2020
Scope:
Portugal

The article "CIP praises the Recovery Plan's focus on improving the Civil Service because it helps companies", describes the focus of the recovery program: The improvement of public services.

CIP elogia aposta do Plano de Recuperação em melhorar a Função Pública porque isso ajuda as empresas
2020
Scope:
Portugal

The article describes the ability of transport companies in Slovakia to cope with the pandemic. The companies lost considerable income as a result of the pandemic

Ministerstvo dopravy trvá na tom, že nemôže pomôcť dopravným podnikom na Slovensku
2021
Scope:
Slovakia

The website provides an overview of the economic management of the coronavirus pandemic in Slovakia and shows the timeline of policy actions.

Policy Responses to COVID-19
2021
Scope:
Slovakia

Law on the Mechanism for Supporting Renewal and Resilience and on Amendments to Certain Laws.

Zákon o mechanizme na podporu obnovy a odolnosti a o zmene a doplnení niektorých zákonov
2021
Scope:
Slovakia

This document is the integrated energy and climate plan of the Slovak Republic. The priorities of the energy policy are: an optimal energy mix, strengthening the security of energy supply, improving the energy infrastructure, and diversification of energy sources and distribution routes.

Integrated Energy and Climate Plan; European Commission (2020). Assessment of the final national energy and climate plan of Slovakia
2019
Scope:
Slovakia

The European Commission reports the amount of the Cohesion Fund at €72 671 574 109. It covers 15 countries and is allocated to trans-European transport networks and projects covered by EU environmental priorities.

Cohesion Fund
2021
Scope:
EU

The report gives an overview of the challenges for the EU from the coronavirus crisis. It resports vaccine status, GDPs and Inflation rates.

Winter 2021 Economic Forecast; Eurostat; own analysis
2021
Scope:
EU

The article presents the 6-hour online hackathon, that took place in Estonia, seeking designs to combat the Corona pandemic crisis. The idea was taken up in neighboring Latvia and Poland.

Hack the Crisis: From Ideas to Solution Design in Just 6 Hours
2020
Scope:
Latvia

The article by Omar Faridi presents the Citadele Banks' financial relief program. The program is provides financial relief to clients who are unable to meet their credit obligations due to the Corona pandemic.

Latvia-headquartered Citadele Bank Contributes €10 Million to Fintech SME Finance, Offers Loan Relief to Clients during Coronavirus Pandemic
2020
Scope:
Latvia

The website provides a brief overview of the relief and stimulus programs to mitigate the effects of the Corona outbreak for Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. A negative GDP is expected for the countries.

Baltic states roll out fiscal measures to prop up coronavirus-stricken economies
2020
Scope:
Latvia

This report is about the European recovery funding, especially the Recovery and Resilience Facility (ANM) , a new EC centrally managed budget program

European Recovery and Sustainability Mechanism/Eiropas Atveseļošanas un noturības mehānisms
2121
Scope:
Latvia

Policy Brief

Policy Brief No. 95 Now or never: Will Bulgaria catch the last train to green economic recovery?
2020
Scope:
Bulgaria

This policy brief analyses the main elements of the final version of the Bulgarian NECP and proposes targeted policy measures on how to better implement it over the next decade.

Policy Brief No. 92: Lost in transition: Bulgaria and the European Green Deal
2020
Scope:
Bulgaria

The aim of this report is to support decision makers in Bulgaria, Greece and Romania to implement a timely phase-out of coal by analysing the impact on electricity systems as well as the local economy, and highlighting policy recommendations to deal with potential issues related to compensation, system security and local economic impacts.

Accelerated lignite exit in Bulgaria, Romania and Greece
2020
Scope:
Bulgaria

Policy Brief

A Roadmap for the Development of the Bulgarian Electricity Sector within the EU Until 2050: Focus on Fundamentals
2017
Scope:
Bulgaria

The South East Europe Electricity Roadmap project (SEERMAP) develops electricity sector scenarios until 2050. The project focuses on nine countries in South East Europe.

SEERMAP: South East Europe Electricity Roadmap South East Europe Regional report 2017
2017
Scope:
General

The South East Europe Electricity Roadmap project (SEERMAP) develops electricity sector scenarios until 2050. The project focuses on nine countries in South East Europe.

SEERMAP: South East Europe Electricity Roadmap Country report Bulgaria
2017
Scope:
Bulgaria

The current report analyses the draft Bulgarian National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP) and pinpoints the main obstacles for the implementation of decarbonisation policies in the electricity sector.

Stifted Decarbonisation assessing the Bulgarian National Energy and Climate Plan
2019
Scope:
Bulgaria

Updated methodology & Updated Technical Screening Criteria for the EU Taxonomy.

Taxonomy Report: Technical Annex
2020
Scope:
EU

This is a legislative resolution on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a Recovery and Resilience Facility. Annex I sets out the methodology for calculating the maximum financial contribution available for each Member State. Annex XI comprises a methodology for climate tracking (Coefficient for the calculation of support to climate change objectives / environmental objectives).

Establishing the Recovery and Resilience Facility
2021
Scope:
EU

This study by WWF Greece points out possibilities for a green recovery in Greece, including an analysis of the shortcomings of the National Energy and Climate Plan as well as principles for an effective recovery and concrete proposals for a stimulus programme.

Blueprint for a green recovery in Greece
2020
Scope:
Greece

This official document marks the Greek's government's strategic roadmap outlining priorities and policy measures for reaching climate and energy objectives by 2030.

National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP)
2019
Scope:
Greece

This report analzying future trends in the Greek economy and providing wide economic policy recommendations was written by a commission chaired by Greek Nobel laureate and economist C. Pissarides on behalf of the Greek PM. It was to serve as a basis for the Greek National Recovery and Resilience Plan.

Growth Plan for the Greek Economy (in Greek)
2020
Scope:
Greece

This official document sets out priorities for the Greek recovery spending as a draft basis for the national recovery and resilience plan.

Strategic directions of the National Recovery and Resilience Plan
2020
Scope:
Greece

This report is written by the "Haut Conseil pour le Climat" in order to assess the climate spendings of France Relance.

France Relance: Quelle contribution A La Transition Bas-Carbone (2020). Rapport. France
2020
Scope:
France

This E3G briefing proposes a three-stage model for thinking about the economic response to the Covid-19 crisis, beginning with stabilization measures, followed by stimulus measures and ultimately measures to build future-proof structures.

Sustainable Paths out of the Covid-19 Crisis: Impulses for the recovery and a future-proof economy
2020
Scope:
Germany

In this paper the German Environment Agency (UBA) presents initial ideas on how the Corona economic stimulus packages could be made sustainable in the long term, guided by six basic principles.

Sustainable Pathways out of the Corona Crisis
2020
Scope:
Germany

In this impulse paper, Agora Energiewende and Agora Verkehrswende propose a €100bn dual-benefit stimulus programme for Germany for growth and sustainability.

Dual-Benefit Stimulus for Germany
2020
Scope:
Germany

This study, commissioned by Greenpeace, calculates the impact on climate and employment of selected green stimulus measures in German. It shows that economic policies geared to mitigating climate change create jobs in the short term while laying a foundation for long-term innovation and ecological modernisation.

The Nine-Point Plan: Employment and climate protection effects of a green recovery programme
2020
Scope:
Germany

This UNECA paper recommends immediate actions that can and must be taken by developing and developed economies, by the public and private sector together, to restore liquidity, handle insolvency, and build the foundations for recovery, continuing the process of rebooting the system and delivering on Agenda 2063 and the SDGs.

Building Forward Together
2020
Scope:
General

The IISD's Sustainable Recovery 2020 campaign provides an overview of commentary, ressources and recent developments with regards to the sustainable recovery from Covid-19.

Sustainable Recovery 2020
2020
Scope:
General

Vivid Economics' Greenness of Stimulus Index assesses the effectiveness of the Covid-19 stimulus efforts by G20 countries and other major economies in ensuring an economic recovery that takes advantage of sustainable growth opportunities, and builds resilience through the protection of the climate and biodiversity.

Greenness of Stimulus Index
2020
Scope:
General

This report analyses the various economic stimulus plans around the world and warns that post-Covid stimulus packages are in danger of widening global inequality and pushing poorer countries to turn to fossil fuels.

Whose Green Recovery?
2020
Scope:
General

This paper shows that low-carbon investments to put the world on an ambitious track toward net zero carbon dioxide emissions by mid-century are dwarfed by currently announced COVID-19 stimulus funds.

COVID-19 recovery funds dwarf clean energy investment needs
2020
Scope:
General

To provide more granular guidance for policymakers, the World Bank has developed a draft of a sustainability checklist that government ministries can use to assess or rank stimulus proposals.

Planning for the economic recovery from COVID-19: A sustainability checklist for policymakers
2020
Scope:
General

The Energy Policy Tracker database provides a detailed overview of the public finance flows as determined by recovery packages across the G20.

Energy Policy Tracker
2020
Scope:
General

In response to calls from governments around the world, the IEA has produced a Sustainable Recovery Plan for actions that can be taken over the next three years. This detailed plan is focused on cost-effective measures that could be implemented during the specific timeframe of 2021 to 2023. It spans six key sectors – electricity, transport, industry, buildings, fuels and emerging low-carbon technologies.

Sustainable Recovery - World Energy Outlook Special Report
2020
Scope:
General

The paper analyses 130 studies on green recovery programmes. It finds broad consensus on the need to use the Covid-19 recovery efforts to also address the climate and biodiversity crises. Consensus also exist on the benefits of green recovery programmes, the eligibility criteria to be applied and suitable areas of support.

The Green New Consensus: Study Shows Broad Consensus on Green Recovery Programmes and Structural Reforms
2020
Scope:
General

This analysis, commissioned by the We Mean Business coalition and conducted by Cambridge Econometrics, shows that green recovery plans boost income, employment and GDP better than return-to-normal stimulus measures, with the added benefit of reducing emissions.

Assessment of Green Recovery plans after COVID-19
2020
Scope:
General

This article discusses how international climate governance may help align the recovery packages with the climate agenda. For this purpose, the article investigates five key governance functions through which international institutions may contribute: send guidance and signals, establish rules and standards, provide transparency and accountability, organize the provision of means of implementation, and promote collective learning.

Harnessing international climate governance to drive a sustainable recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic
2020
Scope:
General

This report covers the measures that are contained in France Relance. France Relance is the French recovery package.

France Relance
2020
Scope:
France

Study published by WWF with EY earlier this summer, with a focus on jobs which could be saved or created thanks to a Green stimulus package

Monde d'aprés : L'emploi au coeur d'une relance verte
2020
Scope:
France

Communication estimating the needs for ecological transition at around €43bn

Plan de relance : Les 43 milliards d’euros prioritaires pour le Réseau Action Climat
2020
Scope:
France

Set of priorities presented by the Fondation Nicolas Hulot, requesting mostly a commitment €20bn per year until 2030 for the transition and a “do not harm” principle

Plan de relance : 5 conditions pour réussir et 3 secteurs clés à réguler
2020
Scope:
France

The National Low-Carbon Strategy (NBCS) describes France's roadmap for leading the climate change mitigation policy. It provides guidelines for implementing the transition to a low-carbon economy in all sectors of activity.

Stratégie nationale bas-carbone
2020
Scope:
France

This study is a comprehensive study of domestic financial flows in favour of climate and the broader energy transition in France. The study maps the flows supporting investments leading to greenhouse gas mitigation across the French economy.

Landscape of climate finance in France
2019
Scope:
France

In this report, I4CE proposes a set of actions based on a quantified analysis for France across seven sectors that are covered by the National Low-Carbon Strategy (Stratégie Nationale Bas-Carbone, SNBC). I4CE’s proposal calls for a public finance package of 7 billion euros per year that is estimated to trigger 19 billion euros of additional public and private investment.

Investing in Climate can Help France Drive its Economic Recovery
2020
Scope:
France

This report, commissioned by Breakthrough Energy, provides a practical action plan and investment guide for policy makers and investors, to help stimulate economic transition at the speed and scale needed to avoid the worst effects of climate change. With its 55 actionable recommendations for financial support, it targets the utilization of the European Commission’s €750 billion recovery fund, and other innovation funding vehicles, to transform Europe’s economy and set it on course for climate neutrality by 2050.

Fit for net-zero: 55 Tech Quests to accelerate Europe’s recovery and pave the way to climate neutrality
2020
Scope:
EU

This EY report identifies over 1,000 possible green recovery projects in the member states of the European Union.

A Green Covid-19 Recovery and Resilience Plan for Europe
2020
Scope:
EU

In this briefing, E3G maps the knowns and unknowns of Europe’s economic recovery from the COVID-19 crisis and efforts to align it with the European Green Deal. The briefing emphasizes that national governments in the EU must already plan their national efforts in the context of the EU Recovery and Resilience Facility to include a contribution of at least 37% of funding to climate objectives, while ensuring that the remainder of the funding does not harm the European Green Deal’s objectives and does not support new fossil fuel activities.

Drafting Recovery Plans for a Resilient and Green Economy
2020
Scope:
EU

This think piece makes the case for earmarking a minimum share of the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) to finance in-depth building renovations. The method we recommend is to allocate RRF funds according to the building sector's share of total GHG emissions, in line with the EU's green recovery commitments and the requirement to spend 37 % of the Recovery and Resilience Facility grants and loans on climate-related investments.

Why the EU Recovery and Resilience Facility Must Prioritise Investments in Building Renovation
2020
Scope:
EU